Everyday Health Checks

The treatment of disease and injury is a function of a Vet Surgeon, however many are preventable if owners are vigilant, intelligent and untiring in their
application of preventative measures.

Appearance
All four feet squarely on the ground, head alert, eyes wide open, nose moist yet free from discharge, ears erect.
The dogs coat should have a fine luster, skin supple and easily moved over the body structure beneath.

Bowels
On average a dog evacuates three times a day, this should not be too loose.

Temperature
Normal temp is 38.3 (101.F) but may vary a degree in either direction.  A rise in temp often precedes any visible symptoms, particularly in contagious disease
and is generally a good rule in dealing with animals suspected of infection.

Breathing
while at rest normal respiratory movements are 8 to 16 beats per minute. When at rest this can be noted by the rise and fall of the flanks. during warm weather the
respirations are greatly accelerated.

Pulse
A normal pulse is 70 to 100 beats per minute. This may be felt on the left side at the back of the elbow joint, or the femoral artery on the inside of the hind leg.

Eyes nose and mouth
The mucous membranes of eyes, nose and mouth should be a salmon pink colour and free from discharge, with illness may become red (congested) white (loss of blood)
or yellow(digestive disturbance).

Skin
Skin should be supple and roll easily over the underlying bone structure, have luster, feel soft and even. When sick the skin is dry as if adhering to the below structure is dull in appearance and can be harsh to touch.

Indicators of Illness
Every illness has symptoms common to itself and varies greatly. The most common preliminary indications are loss of appetite, rise in temp, heavy breathing,
increased pulse rate, dejected appearance, nasal discharge, diarrhea or constipation.


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